The dangers of heat stroke should not be neglected, especially during hot climates. That’s because it can lead to instant death if it’s not taken care of immediately.
There are just some of the methods in which anyone can do to prevent the symptoms of heat stroke.
- Constant Hydration – Water is a very effective element to regulate our body temperature. During hot climates, make sure that you take more than the normal 8 glasses of water a day, to keep yourself hydrated. As much as possible, the water that you drink must also be cool enough. Avoid drinking other liquids like soft drinks, as they do almost nothing to replenish your body’s water content.
- Proper Dress – Tight clothes restrict the amount of airflow in your body, and will only make you uncomfortable during hot weather. So during these seasons, always wear loose clothes, preferably with breathable fabric materials that permit air circulation around your body. Avoid wearing clothes with dark colors, especially black, since they tend to absorb the light coming from the Sun, and the heat that comes with it. Instead, use lighter colors like white and yellow that reflect the Sun’s rays away from you, thus reducing the amount of heat that you’re exposed to.
- Adequate Ventilation – Ensure that the area, whether it’s in your household or the workplace, is properly ventilated. Cooling appliances like a mister or air conditioning are very effective methods for keep the temperature down in these areas, so make sure that those are installed. If your workplace doesn’t have a mister installed, you should send feedback to your supervisor so that the company can acknowledge it.
- Longer Break time – During hotter days, it’s best if the employers of the company assign a lighter workload on their employees, and relegate more time for rest. This is especially true when you’re working on the field. Provide a shelter with a cooling appliance like a mister wherein employees can stop and rest so they can cool down their bodies when they’re on duty. To ensure high productivity, employers can allot more work time during colder times of the day to regain lost productivity.
- Avoid Daytime Outdoor Recreational Activities – If you engage in any outdoor sports like running, basketball, golf, etc., then make sure that you do it in any time of the day wherein the Sun isn’t at its peak anymore, or if possible, do any activity in a covered court or arena.
- Regular Checkup – Some people with preexisting health conditions like diabetes, obesity, heart problems, or simply under medication, are at a higher risk of developing heat stroke than normal people. Therefore, if possible, before you start any activity that involves Sun exposure, make sure that you visit your doctor regularly; so that they can advice you on how long should you stay exposed to the heat before you stop and take a rest to cool down.
First Aid – If you or your companions experience breathing difficulty, intense headaches, no sweating, vomiting, seizures and the like, immediately stop any activity that you’re doing, and take these steps to apply first aid to the person suffering from heat stroke. To apply first aid, first remove and loosen any heavy clothing that the patient has, then pour cold water on the patient or apply some ice on the patient’s body. Assist him into drinking lots of cold water for rehydration. Make sure that you’re in a well-shaded place with proper ventilation to cool the patient’s body even further. If the area you’re in has a mister nearby, then take the patient to it, and expose him to the mister’s water to cool him down. If the symptoms continue or get worse, then go see a doctor immediately.